Finnish architect and designer, mostly of furniture and glassware, Aalto was a leading figure in mid-twentieth century modern design. His work dominated the architectural scene in Finland from the late 1920s until his death. Internationally, his fame was secured in the 1930s through his work in international exhibitions and his solo exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York, in 1938. His work was characterized by a balance struck between the rationalism of the Modern Movement and sensitivity toward natural materials, the environment, and the psycho-emotional needs of the user.
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