Walter Gropius

One of twentieth century’s most influential architects and design educators, Gropius studied architecture in Munich from 1903 and moved to Berlin in 1905, working in the office of the architect and designer Peter Behrens from 1908. In 1910, he became a member of the Deutscher Werkbund and in the same year set up a practice with Adolf Meyer. In 1911, they planned a new factory for the shoe-last company Fagus-Werk, in Alfeld an der Leine, Germany, which became an icon of modernism with its rectangular shape, large windows, and glazed corners. For the Deutscher Werkbund 1914 exhibition, the partners designed a model factory that was also a precursor of modernist architecture. Gropius also designed wallpapers, automobile bodies, a railway locomotive, and cars, along with furniture and interiors for individual clients. He was active in artistic political circles.

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