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Le Corbusier

Designer Biography

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...Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, later called Le Corbusier, was one of the most influential architects, theoreticians, and designers of the twentieth century. Born in Switzerland, he adopted the pseudonym Le Corbusier c.1920 and became a French...

René Lalique

Designer Biography

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...Lalique was a French glass designer and jeweler. In 1872, he enrolled in the Coll.ge Turgot, Paris, where he developed his drawing and sketching skills. Lalique was apprenticed to the goldsmith Louis Aucoc in 1874, while also attending...

Adolf Loos

Designer Biography

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...Adolf Loos was an Austrian architect born in Brünn, Moravia, now the Czech Republic, who may be viewed as Viennese modernism’s great lone warrior. As an influential modern architect, he authored culturally critical articles in which he...

Raymond Loewy

Designer Biography

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...French-born American industrial designer, graphic artist, and architect, who became one of the first designers to achieve celebrity status through his public relations exercises and the sheer breadth and volume of his design work. Loewy...

Culture, Theories of

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

...Culture is both a value-laden and descriptive term. Its linguistic roots connect it to habitation and cultivation, this being developed over several centuries of European thinking toward the idea of culture as improvement, civilization...

Ver Sacrum (1898–1903)

Clive Edwards

Clive Edwards is Professor in Design History at Loughborough University, UK. His authored works include: Interior Design: A Critical Introduction (Bloomsbury 2010), Encyclopedia of Furnishing Textiles, Floorcoverings and Home Furnishing Practices 1200-1950 (2007); Turning Houses into Homes (2005), Encyclopaedia of Furniture Materials Trades and Techniques (2000), Twentieth Century Furniture, its materials, manufacture and markets (1994), and Victorian Furniture, Technology and Design (1993). He has also contributed a number of articles to the Encyclopedia of Interior Design (1997), and has published a number of scholarly articles and essays in edited works. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

...Ver Sacrum (Sacred Spring) was a short-lived periodical published in Vienna between 1898 and 1903. It was the mouthpiece of the artist/designer group Vienna Secession. The journal was influenced by the German magazine Pan and was edited...

Free Plan

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

...Free Plan is an architectural design model theorized by the French architect Le Corbusier (1887–1965) in his 1923 book Vers une Architecture (Toward an Architecture), as one of his “Five Points of Architecture.” It refers to a plan scheme...

Tradition

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

...While “tradition” in everyday usage refers to long-established customs and associated rituals and artifacts, it is a concept with greater complexity when viewed in relation to modernity and colonialism. Eric Hobsbawm was an important...

Ornament

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

...Ornament is a term that is broadly applied to the exterior of things, its final decoration. As such, it is often regarded as an “add on,” associated with surface rather than structure, and with fluctuating fashions rather than...

Plan Voisin (1925)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

...Plan Voisin was Le Corbusier’s masterplan for the center of Paris exhibited at the Exposition des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, in 1925. The plan was displayed inside the Pavillon de l’Esprit Nouveau, also designed by Corbusier, which was a model...