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Taylor, Frederick Winslow (1856–1915)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...F.W. Taylor was an American mechanical engineer who designed the Scientific Management system. The system was named Taylorism. Although accepted for Harvard, he did not attend and later achieved his degree through a correspondence course...

Zwart, Piet (1885–1977)

Javier Gimeno-Martínez

Javier Gimeno-Martínez is an assistant professor at the VU University Amsterdam in the Netherlands. His work has been published in various journals including ‘Interiors’ and ‘Design and Culture’, and he has contributed chapters to several edited volumes. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Zwart was a Dutch graphic designer, influential because of his combination of the architectonic control of the De Stijl movement, the functionalist ideas of the Bauhaus, and the poetic expression of Dada. However, Zwart—despite friendships...

Scientific Management

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Scientific management is a theory of management that applies science to maximize the productivity and efficiency of human labor in the workplace. It developed during the last two decades of the nineteenth century in response...

Penguin Books

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Penguin is a major international publisher with a long-standing reputation for good design. Allan Lane, who envisaged a market for good reading at reasonable prices, established the firm in England in 1935. These innovative paperbacks...

Mass Production and Industrial Design

Tony Fry

Tony Fry is Director of the sustainment consultancy Team D/E/S and Professor of Design, Griffith University, Queensland College of Art. He is also author of Design Futuring: Sustainability, Ethics and New Practice (Berg, 2008) and Design as Politics (Berg, 2010). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Mass production is a manufacturing process, which uses division of labor, standardization of often-interchangeable parts, and specialization to create products at high frequencies of output usually to a low unit cost. Automation, CNC...
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...F.W. Taylor was an American mechanical engineer who designed the Scientific Management system. The system was named Taylorism. Although accepted for Harvard, he did not attend and later achieved his degree through a correspondence course...

Art Directors Club Hall of Fame (The United States)

Clive Edwards

Clive Edwards is Professor in Design History at Loughborough University, UK. His authored works include: Interior Design: A Critical Introduction (Bloomsbury 2010), Encyclopedia of Furnishing Textiles, Floorcoverings and Home Furnishing Practices 1200-1950 (2007); Turning Houses into Homes (2005), Encyclopaedia of Furniture Materials Trades and Techniques (2000), Twentieth Century Furniture, its materials, manufacture and markets (1994), and Victorian Furniture, Technology and Design (1993). He has also contributed a number of articles to the Encyclopedia of Interior Design (1997), and has published a number of scholarly articles and essays in edited works. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...The Art Directors Club established its Hall of Fame in 1971 to honor practitioners from advertising and graphic communicators “who have made significant contributions to art direction and visual communications, and whose lifetime...

Swiss School

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Swiss School, also known as Neue Grafik, Swiss Style, or International Typographic Style, was a graphic design style developed in Switzerland that shaped and defined the look of modernist graphic design in the second half of the twentieth...

Tschichold, Jan (1902–74)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Tschichold was a German typographer and type designer, educator, and writer, who was born in Leipzig, and worked in Leipzig, Berlin, Munich, Basel, and London. “A designer of quite exceptional assurance in giving visual and material form...

Neue Sachlichkeit (New Objectivity)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...The meaning of the German term Neue Sachlichkeit is ambiguous and has been used differently in painting and graphic arts, literature, music, photography, film, architecture, product design, and typography. The term’s origin is connected...