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Ascher, Zika (1910–92)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Zika Ascher was a textile designer who immigrated to England from Prague in 1939 with his wife Lida, where they founded a small textile business in London. During the 1940s the Aschers commissioned leading artists such as Matisse and Henry...

Czech Cubism

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Czech Cubism was a Prague-based avant-garde movement that emerged around 1910 as a reaction against Art Nouveau and the rationalism of Otto Wagner’s Czech students by espousing the ideas of Picasso and Braque. It was unique...

Škoda

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Czech carmaker Škoda is one of the world’s five oldest existing car brands. It was founded in 1895 by the bicycle manufacturer Laurin & Klement, which produced its first car, the Voiturette A, in 1905. In 1925, the firm was bought...

Šípek, Bořek (1949–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Šípek is a furniture designer, architect, and glass artist, born in Prague. He undertook furniture design studies from 1964 until 1968 at the Prague Academy for the Applied Arts. Further academic studies and lecturing posts followed until...

Artel Cooperative

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Artel was a cooperative craft and furniture organization centered in Prague beginning in the early twentieth century, manufacturing original designs by artists and designers. Artel’s products were sold in a shop in Prague and promoted...

Devětsil (1930–1)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...A leftist group of artists, architects, designers, photographers, and poets who formed the ideological center of the Czechoslovak avant-garde during the 1920s. After initially rejecting modern art in favor of primitivism, the group pursued...

Jiřičná, Eva (1939–)

Fiona Fisher

Fiona Fisher is a researcher in the Faculty of Art, Design and Architecture at Kingston University, UK, where she is a member of the Modern Interiors Research Centre. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Czech interior designer and architect, working in London, Jiřičná trained in architecture at the Technical University of Prague, graduating in 1962. After completing a postgraduate degree at evening school, she went on to work at the Czech...

Tatra

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Czech manufacturer Tatra was one of the world’s oldest commercial automobile and truck manufacturers. It was founded in 1850 as Schustala & Company, later Nesselsdorfer Wagenbau-Fabriksgesellschaft, a wagon manufacturer, which produced...

Loetz (Johann Loetz Witwe)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...The Loetz glassworks, founded in Klostermühle, Bohemia, in 1836, became recognized for a variety of colored, decorated, and plain luxury glassware. Under Max Ritter von Spaun (1856–1909), grandchild of owner founder Johann Loetz...
...The shape and scope of visual culture crucially depends on how ‘visual’ is related to another kind or level of culture, often inexplicitly understood to be linguistic or literary. In the most familiar understandings of this relationship...