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Transit-Oriented Development

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Transit-oriented Development (TOD) refers to an urban planning strategy that encourages development of mixed-use, residential, and commercial areas close to and well-served by public transport systems. A TOD consists of a public transit...

Biophilia Effect

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Biophilia effect refers to the reconnection of nature to humanity, developing a nondestructive unity of life and life-like processes, which may contribute to a person’s well-being. It is a phenomenon attributed to the works of E. O. Wilson...

Ecology

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Ecology has its roots in nineteenth-century Europe through with the innovative work of German biologist Ernst Haeckel who created the term “oecologie.” A key focus of ecology has been on modeling contingent and complex dynamics...

Environmental Illustration

Mark Wigan

Mark Wigan was subject leader for illustration at Camberwell College, UK, and later for Graphic Design at the University of Salford, UK. He is currently a lecturer in illustration at Hull College, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Visual Dictionary of Illustration

AVA Book, 2009

Book Chapter

...No extract of this content is available for preview...

Space, Spatiality

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Western philosophy and science since the Greeks developed the notion of space as something abstract, empty, measurable, and neutral. This was integral to the development of mathematics, physics, cartography, and much more. Alongside...

Prospect Refuge Theory

Clive Edwards

Clive Edwards is Professor in Design History at Loughborough University, UK. His authored works include: Interior Design: A Critical Introduction (Bloomsbury 2010), Encyclopedia of Furnishing Textiles, Floorcoverings and Home Furnishing Practices 1200-1950 (2007); Turning Houses into Homes (2005), Encyclopaedia of Furniture Materials Trades and Techniques (2000), Twentieth Century Furniture, its materials, manufacture and markets (1994), and Victorian Furniture, Technology and Design (1993). He has also contributed a number of articles to the Encyclopedia of Interior Design (1997), and has published a number of scholarly articles and essays in edited works. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...The concept of refuge is embedded in our evolutionary mind-sets. Places of refuge are as important as places of prospect and often work together usually at an interface. The refuge concept provides opportunities for prospect viewing as well...

Context

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Context is the full story that surrounds the intended user of a design. It includes all aspects of the physical environment and the conditions in which the product will be used. It can also include the social environment, including...

Prospect Theory

Clive Edwards

Clive Edwards is Professor in Design History at Loughborough University, UK. His authored works include: Interior Design: A Critical Introduction (Bloomsbury 2010), Encyclopedia of Furnishing Textiles, Floorcoverings and Home Furnishing Practices 1200-1950 (2007); Turning Houses into Homes (2005), Encyclopaedia of Furniture Materials Trades and Techniques (2000), Twentieth Century Furniture, its materials, manufacture and markets (1994), and Victorian Furniture, Technology and Design (1993). He has also contributed a number of articles to the Encyclopedia of Interior Design (1997), and has published a number of scholarly articles and essays in edited works. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...The combination of being able to see without being seen is the basis of the idea of prospect theory. It manifests itself in people’s preference for sides rather than centers, covered spaces within reason, and open spaces with views, all...

Recyclability

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...In an era of disposability and planned obsolescence, recycling is an eco-conscious practice which reduces global carbon footprint in two ways. First, by minimizing the volume of waste generated, and second, by lowering the consumption...

Waste

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Waste refers to materials no longer wanted or desired for further use in terms of production, transformation, or consumption, and discarded at any stage of the life cycle of stuff—from materials’ extraction to manufacturing, distribution...