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Maija Isola

Designer Biography

...Maija Isola was a Finnish textile designer and artist, born in Riihimäki. She trained at the Central School of Arts and Crafts, Helsinki, from 1946 to 1949. On graduating, she began work as a designer for Printex, a new firm manufacturing...

Alvar Aalto

Designer Biography

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...Finnish architect and designer, mostly of furniture and glassware, Aalto was a leading figure in mid-twentieth century modern design. His work dominated the architectural scene in Finland from the late 1920s until his death...

Eero Saarinen

Designer Biography

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...Finnish-American architect and furniture designer, Saarinen was born in Finland in 1910 and emigrated to the United States with his family in 1923.The son of architect Eliel Saarinen, he grew up in an artistic household and his training...

Aino Marsio-Aalto

Designer Biography

...Finnish architect and designer Aino Marsio-Aalto qualified as an architect from the Helsinki Technical University in 1920. Her collaboration with Alvar Aalto began when she joined his office in 1923 and they were married in 1924...

Arabia

Kjetil Fallan

Kjetil Fallan is associate professor of Design History at the University of Oslo. He is the author of Design History: Understanding Theory and Method (Bloomsbury Academic, 2010) and the editor of Scandinavian Design: Alternative Histories (Bloomsbury Academic, 2012) and is also an editor of the Journal of Design History. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

...Arabia is a Finnish ceramics manufacturer established in 1873 as a subsidiary to the Swedish Rörstrand company. Domestic ownership was secured in 1916, almost contemporary with Finnish independence the following year. Modernization...

Designmuseo (Design Museum), Helsinki (1873–)

Charlotte Ashby

Charlotte Ashby lectures in the history of art and design at Birkbeck, University of London, the Courtauld Institute of Art and Oxford University, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

...The origins of the Designmuseo (Design Museum, Helsinki) lie in a teaching collection, founded in 1873 for the students of the first Craft School in Finland, itself founded in 1871. The Suomen Taideteollisuusyhdistys (Finnish Society...

Bäckström, Olof (1922–)

Charlotte Ashby

Charlotte Ashby lectures in the history of art and design at Birkbeck, University of London, the Courtauld Institute of Art and Oxford University, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

...Finnish industrial designer Bäckström matriculated from the Helsinki Technical High School in 1949. He worked initially as an electric engineer and developed his wood carving skills through independent study. He won a silver medal...

Fiskars

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

...Fiskars is a Finnish manufacturer of metal consumer products known for its scissors, knives, and axes. The company dates back to a seventeenth-century iron foundry, which over time began producing nails, tools, machinery, and blades...

Franck, Kaj (1911–89)

Charlotte Ashby

Charlotte Ashby lectures in the history of art and design at Birkbeck, University of London, the Courtauld Institute of Art and Oxford University, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

...Kaj Franck was a Finnish designer, best known for his work in ceramics and glass. Franck is one of the most prominent figures associated with what became known as the “Golden Age” of Finnish design, the 1950s and 1960s. Unlike Timo...

Nokia

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

...Nokia’s origins are as an imperial Russian industry in what today is Finland, established in 1871 as a mining and pulp production company taking its name from the village of Nokia. Expanding with industrial growth, the company produced...