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Peter Behrens

Designer Biography

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...One of the founding members of the Deutscher Werkbund, German architect and designer Behrens is considered to be the first industrial designer, who worked as the artistic advisor for German electrical manufacturer Allgemeine...

Werkbund Exhibition, Cologne (1914)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...The Werkbund Association confirmed its early twentieth-century leadership in architecture and design through this important exhibition of modernist buildings held during the summer of 1914 at the Rheinpark in Cologne. Aspiring Cologne...

Type-Forms

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...This term is not related to typography but rather reflects the Modernist tendency for designs that are concerned with ideas of universality, anonymity, and simple geometric shapes. The concept of type-forms was initially based on various...

Gropius, Walter (1883–1969)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...One of twentieth century’s most influential architects and design educators, Gropius studied architecture in Munich from 1903 and moved to Berlin in 1905, working in the office of the architect and designer Peter Behrens from 1908. In 1910,...

Breuer, Marcel (1902–81)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Hungarian-born furniture and interior designer, architect, and educator of the Modern Movement, Breuer is best known for his development of tubular steel furniture in 1925, when he, having previously trained at the Bauhaus from 1920...

Bauhaus (1919–33)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Founded in 1919 in Weimar Germany, the Bauhaus school was arguably the most influential design institution of the twentieth century. Founder and first Rector, architect Walter Gropius, created a design school that bridged the gap between...

Walter Gropius

Designer Biography

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...One of twentieth century’s most influential architects and design educators, Gropius studied architecture in Munich from 1903 and moved to Berlin in 1905, working in the office of the architect and designer Peter Behrens from 1908. In 1910,...

Social Housing

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Social housing is an umbrella term for a variety of forms of affordable housing for low-income populations, often used synonymously with public housing. It varies among different countries and historical periods in terms of property...

Rosenthal (1879–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Rosenthal is a German producer of luxury porcelain and other household articles. The company was founded in 1879 in Selb (Bavaria, Germany) by Philipp Rosenthal (died 1937). In 1908 Rosenthal purchased the porcelain-manufacturer Thomas...

Knoll, Florence (1917–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Knoll is an architect and designer of furniture, textiles, and interiors in mid-century America. Knoll Associates, the New York firm she founded with her husband Hans Knoll, was a leading manufacturer of modern furniture in the post-Second...