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Puiforcat, Jean (1897–1945)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...French silversmith and designer, who trained in silversmithing with the family firm before studying sculpture under Louis Lejeune. On taking over the family business in 1922, he steered the company in the direction of the Moderne....

Compagnie des Arts Français (CAF)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...The Compagnie des Arts Français (CAF) was an interior design company founded in 1919 by the architect and designer Louis Süe (1875–1968) and the painter André Mare (1887–1932) in Paris. The pair are best known for championing Art Deco (Art...

Dufrène, Maurice (1876–1955)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Dufrène was an important French interior designer who drew inspiration from eighteenth- and nineteenth-century designs to which he gave a distinctly modern flavor. Among his numerous exhibitions was his association with the Paris Exposition...

O’Rorke, Brian (1901–74)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Born in Wellington, New Zealand, O’Rorke was an architect and designer noted for his association with the Orient Steam Navigation Company, particularly through his work on the interiors of the RMS Orion. O’Rorke established his reputation...

Moderne

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Art Moderne was a style in the decorative and industrial arts that flourished in the period between the First and Second World Wars. It was essentially a blending of the high style Art Deco with aspects of modernism that linked new...

Weber, Karl Emanuel Martin (Kem) (1889–1963)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Kem Weber was a German-American industrial and furniture designer. Weber began his training in Potsdam with the royal cabinetmaker Eduard Schultz. In 1908, he joined the Berlin Kunstgewerbeschule and was taught by Bruno Paul, for whom he...

Joel, Betty (1894–1985)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Born in Peak, Hong Kong, the middle child of Sir James and Edith Stewart Lockheart, Joel received informal training in design from her father, an art collector. She became principal designer for Betty Joel Ltd., jointly owned with her...

Gibbons, Cedric (1893–1960)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Irish-born designer and MGM Art Director during the studio system era, Gibbons’ credits included Born To Dance (1936), The Wizard of Oz (1939), Brigadoon (1954), and The Blackboard Jungle (1955). Although he hailed from Dublin, Gibbons...

Henry Dreyfuss

Designer Biography

Image
...Dreyfuss was an American industrial designer active between the 1920s and late 1960s, who was one of the key pioneers of streamlining in design. Born into a family connected with the supply of materials for the theater in Brooklyn, New...

Machine Aesthetic

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...In 1934, the Museum of Modern Art in New York held an exhibition entitled the Machine Art Exposition. The press release noted that “Springs, gears, cables, chemical capsules, carpet sweepers, and kitchen cabinets are among the useful...