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Upcycling

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Upcycling is the process of repurposing waste materials and discarded products into new materials and products by giving them an equal or higher value than their original use. Also called creative reuse, upcycling is the positive...

Recyclability

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...In an era of disposability and planned obsolescence, recycling is an eco-conscious practice which reduces global carbon footprint in two ways. First, by minimizing the volume of waste generated, and second, by lowering the consumption...

Waste

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Waste refers to materials no longer wanted or desired for further use in terms of production, transformation, or consumption, and discarded at any stage of the life cycle of stuff—from materials’ extraction to manufacturing, distribution...

Just in Time

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Just in Time is a system of production management that increases efficiency and decreases waste by reducing in-process inventory. Originating from Japan, the “JIT” (just in time) approach is a key component of lean manufacturing. A pull...

Renewable Resource

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Renewable resource is any natural resource that can be replenished over time by naturally recurring processes and used again perpetually unless consumption rate is higher than renewal rate. Some renewable resources effectively...

Dematerialization

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Dematerialization refers to creating value in ways that use less material resources. Some ecological modernization arguments suggest that capitalist economies inherently dematerialize over time as they become more efficient and then switch...

Life Cycle Assessment

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Life Cycle Assessment—or Analysis—(LCA) is an environmental management technique for the compilation and evaluation of the inputs (e.g., natural resources), outputs (e.g., emissions to air), and the potential environmental impacts (e.g...

Source Reduction

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Source reduction is the only preventive practice in waste management to avoid solid waste generation in terms of quantity and/or toxicity, and comprising various activities at different stages of product lifetimes from design...

Space

Peter Claver Fine

Peter Claver Fine teaches in the Art Department at the University of Wyoming, USA. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Sustainable Graphic Design : Principles and Practices

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Book Chapter

...This chapter on space connects the specific ways graphic design is tied to consumption and the ways our larger built environment—which we have created—affects the health of everyone and everything. The chapter challenges assumptions about...

Emotionally Sustaining Design

The Handbook of Design for Sustainability

Bloomsbury Academic, 2013

Book Chapter

...Treasured I kneel to reach beneath the bed, with outstretched fingers as my eyes; that region of the floor, seldom penetrated by daylight—or the vacuum cleaner nozzle—provides a refuge for treasures of immeasurable value; my dusty...