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Art Workers’ Guild, Britain (1884–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The Art Workers’ Guild is an organization of artists, designers, and craftsmen founded in 1884 in London to foster social contact between different artistic practitioners. The Guild shared many of the ideas of the Arts and Crafts movement...

Airstream

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Airstream is a brand of recreational vehicles first developed by Wally Byam (1896–1962), who had been designing trailers since the 1920s. The first Airstream was produced in 1932 and was based upon designs by Hawley Bowlus. The trailer...

Alcoa

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The Aluminum Company of America (Alcoa) is a manufacturer of raw aluminum, aluminum products, and domestic wares. It was originally called the Pittsburgh Reduction Company when founded in 1888 by scientist Charles Martin Hall. Hall, almost...

Chrysler

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Established in 1925 by Walter P. Chrysler, Chrysler Corporation became one of the so-called “big three” American automobile manufacturers together with the Ford and General Motors corporations. Chrysler included numerous brands, including...

Colt Firearms

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Colt is a manufacturer of firearms that had roots in Samuel Colt’s patents for a revolving cylinder pistol (1835 British patent, 1836 US patent). The company was fundamentally based upon Colt’s advancements in revolver design...

Corning Glass

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Corning is an American glassmaking company established in 1851 in Somerville, Massachusetts, and relocated to Corning, New York, in 1868. Originally specializing in glass used for scientific and industrial uses, it later became well known...

General Electric

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...General Electric (GE) was formed in 1892 from the consolidation of the Edison General Electric Company and the Thomson–Houston Electric Company. Born out of Thomas Edison’s experiments in electric lighting, the company also researched...

Woolworth, F. W.

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Woolworth was America’s earliest chain of five-and-dime stores, the first of which opened in Utica, New York, in 1878. Though this store failed, Frank Winfield Woolworth opened another in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, which offered pricier 10...

Federal Style

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Federal is a style in architecture and the decorative arts popular in the United States shortly after the conclusion of the American Revolution until around 1820. Derived from the political use of the word, the style is essentially...

McDonald’s

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...McDonald’s originally opened as a hamburger stand in 1948 in southern California when Richard and Maurice McDonald applied Fordist principles to the food business. The business model focused on a limited range of food products, swift...