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Black & Decker

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Black & Decker Manufacturing Company was initially a Baltimore, Maryland, small engine repair business started by telegraph workers S. Duncan Black and Alonzo G. Decker. With Black focusing on engineering, and Decker on marketing...

Xerox Corp

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Xerox was founded in Rochester, New York, in 1903 as the Haliod company, a supplier of photographic paper. Chester Carlson’s invention of the first electrophotographic imaging system in 1938 allowed Haliod to move beyond the photography...

Hewlett-Packard

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Bill Hewlett and David Packard founded the Hewlett-Packard (HP) Company in the family garage in 1939, the year of New York World’s Fair. It was also a successful year for the Hollywood film industry: Disney Studio’s Fantasia was one of HP’s...

Mattel

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Ruth and Elliot Handler and Harold “Matt” Matson launched Mattel in 1945 out of their apartment garage in Los Angeles. Initially, the company produced dolls house furniture crafted out of leftover picture-frame...

Revere Copper and Brass

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The Revere Copper and Brass copper-rolling mill that Paul Revere opened in 1801 primarily focused on ways to provide protective copper coverings for US Navy ship bottoms as well as the rooftops of government buildings. The business remained...

Sharp Corporation

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Hayakawa Metal Works was founded in Tokyo in 1912 by Tojuki Hayakawa, attaining success with the Ever-Ready Sharp mechanical pencil manufactured in 1915. In the 1920s and 1930s, at the onset of broadcasting in Japan, the company’s crystal...

Jeep

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Jeep history is closely associated with that of the US military, and the search for an efficient, durable “general purpose” vehicle that would be more effectual than horses and motorcycles on the battlefield. Initial attempts were...

SEGA

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...“SEGA,” short for Service Games, began in 1940 as a Hawaiian coin-operated amusement machine business, relocating to Tokyo in 1954. David Rosen, an American entrepreneur serving in the Armed Forces, merged his own game arcade business...

Dryad (1907–72)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Following the death of William Morris in 1896, British enthusiasm for his Arts and Crafts’ theory and method of production flourished into the twentieth century. An instance of this is Harry Peach, who subscribed fully to Morris’s ethic...

California New Wave

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...California New Wave Graphics is often considered the onset of postmodernism in graphic design. Its origins can in part be traced to 1963, when the self-taught German typesetter Wolfgang Weingart arrived in Basel, Switzerland, to teach...