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Black & Decker

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Black & Decker Manufacturing Company was initially a Baltimore, Maryland, small engine repair business started by telegraph workers S. Duncan Black and Alonzo G. Decker. With Black focusing on engineering, and Decker on marketing...

Xerox Corp

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Xerox was founded in Rochester, New York, in 1903 as the Haliod company, a supplier of photographic paper. Chester Carlson’s invention of the first electrophotographic imaging system in 1938 allowed Haliod to move beyond the photography...

Hewlett-Packard

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Bill Hewlett and David Packard founded the Hewlett-Packard (HP) Company in the family garage in 1939, the year of New York World’s Fair. It was also a successful year for the Hollywood film industry: Disney Studio’s Fantasia was one of HP’s...

Mattel

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Ruth and Elliot Handler and Harold “Matt” Matson launched Mattel in 1945 out of their apartment garage in Los Angeles. Initially, the company produced dolls house furniture crafted out of leftover picture-frame...

Dryad (1907–72)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Following the death of William Morris in 1896, British enthusiasm for his Arts and Crafts’ theory and method of production flourished into the twentieth century. An instance of this is Harry Peach, who subscribed fully to Morris’s ethic...

California New Wave

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...California New Wave Graphics is often considered the onset of postmodernism in graphic design. Its origins can in part be traced to 1963, when the self-taught German typesetter Wolfgang Weingart arrived in Basel, Switzerland, to teach...

Panasonic

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Panasonic evolved in Japan from humble beginnings in 1918 through the efforts of Konosuke Matsushita, who insisted that respect of consumer needs superseded corporate profits. “The main purpose of production,” he declared in 1932, “is...

Sony

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The driving force behind Sony Corporation’s founders Akio Morita and Masaru Ibuka was the electronic production of sound, first with tape recorders in 1950, followed by American-licensed (Bell Labs) transistor radio technology in the middle...

Tecno

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Tecno was founded by twin brothers Osvaldo and Fulgencio Borsani in Milan in 1953, and was one of a dozen or so Italian companies, along with Arflex, Zanotta, and others, that emerged from family-owned craft-centered businesses...

Revere Copper and Brass

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The Revere Copper and Brass copper-rolling mill that Paul Revere opened in 1801 primarily focused on ways to provide protective copper coverings for US Navy ship bottoms as well as the rooftops of government buildings. The business remained...