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Moravian Pottery and Tile Works (Henry Chapman Mercer)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

2

...Henry Chapman Mercer (1856–1930) established The Moravian Pottery and Tile Works in 1898 in Doylestown, Pennsylvania. Mercer came from a prominent family and attended Harvard University where Charles Eliot Norton (1827–1908...

Neo-Grec

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

2

...Neo-Grec was a “New Greek” style intended to create a modern version of Greek design, rather than a simple revival. Despite the nomenclature, the style was eclectic and influenced by a variety of early and late Classical sources...

Neo-Liberty

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

2

...Neo-Liberty style was an Italian design movement that emerged in the mid-1950s as a reaction against the perceived dogmatic nature of the International Style of modern architecture and design. Its detractors, including Reyner Banham, coined...

The Arts and Crafts Movement

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

2

...The Arts and Crafts Movement was a response to new technologies that had increased production and consumption of manufactured goods while at the same time resulting in poor quality and adverse working conditions for craftsmen. Critics...

Gothic Revival

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

2

...The Gothic Revival originated in Britain in the early nineteenth century and was based on the European architectural style of the period from the twelfth to the fifteenth centuries. The revival was most popular in Britain...

Spanish Colonial Revival

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

2

...Spanish Colonial Revival is an architectural style most popular in the United States in the early to mid-twentieth century based upon the building style found in Spanish colonies from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries in what is now...

Reformed or Modern Gothic

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

2

...Reformed Gothic, also referred to as Modern Gothic, was a revival style popular in Great Britain, France, and the United States from c. 1860 to 1880. Rather than imitating the exact design of a Gothic (c. 1200–1400) building, specific...

Moresque

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

2

...Moresque refers to a specific type of ornament, as well as to a general style, both derived from Islamic art, specifically that of Muslims who lived in Southern Spain from the eighth century to the later fifteenth century. An alternate term...

Weller Pottery

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

2

...Weller Pottery (1872–1948), founded by Samuel Weller (1851–1925), was part of the American Art Pottery movement. Weller began with a small operation making stoneware jars in Fultonham, Ohio, in 1872. In 1888 he moved to Zanesville, Ohio...

Pabst Daniel (1826–1910)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

2

...Daniel Pabst was born in Germany and attended one of the earliest trade schools established in that country before immigrating to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1849. Pabst was one of many craftsmen trained in Europe who contributed...