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École Des Beaux Arts

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Although it was only officially given the name L’École de Beaux-Arts in 1863, the school still popularly known by this title traces its origins to the earlier Académie Royale that was founded in Paris by Cardinal Mazarin in 1648. Providing...

Surrealism

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Surrealism was one of the most significant of the revolutionary cultural movements that emerged in the early twentieth century. Its influence remains widespread in contemporary art and the word “surreal” is now popularly used to describe...

International Style

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The term International Style is synonymous with modernism when applied to the rationalist, nonhistoricist architecture that dominated much of the twentieth century. The term first appeared as the title of book published to complement...

Orders

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...In art historical usage, the term usually refers to types or varieties of columns and their respective entablatures. Although different column types first appear in Egypt, the orders usually denote Greco-Roman architecture (e.g., Doric...

Chinoiserie

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...European interpretations of Chinese motifs, decorations, furniture, and architecture are commonly referred to by the French word Chinoiserie. Starting in the seventeenth century and becoming more popular...

Grotesque

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Originally the word grotesque was applied to the complex and bizarre surface decorations of ancient Roman interiors that were rediscovered in the late fifteenth century in the Domus Aurea of Nero in Rome. Derived from the word grotto...

Mannerism

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The term Mannerism derives from the Italian maniera and is used to characterize art of the sixteenth century that expressed self-conscious, mannered, or affected aesthetic impulses. Although some scholars still debate the accuracy...

Dada

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Dada refers to a loosely affiliated and brief-lived artistic movement (c.1916–23) whose foundational ideas would, nevertheless, resonate with radical artists throughout the twentieth century. Dada was one of several avant-garde movements...

Enlightenment

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The Enlightenment was one of the most significant epochs of Western intellectual history and it continues to provide the essential philosophical foundations for much contemporary thought on society, science, religion, nature, and politics...

Baroque

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Coined as a term of derision, the term “baroque” is derived from a word used to describe misshapen pearls. The Baroque, however, is now considered one of the great styles or epochs of European art and culture, one that dominated Western...