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Culture, Theories of

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Culture is both a value-laden and descriptive term. Its linguistic roots connect it to habitation and cultivation, this being developed over several centuries of European thinking toward the idea of culture as improvement, civilization...

Class

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...A social class can be defined as a group of people having something in common. The nature of that commonality and which are the crucial defining factors of class have been a matter of debate among social theorists for more than a century...

Ideology

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Ideology is a term coined in the eighteenth century with reference to the philosophy of ideas. Influenced by critiques of religion and epistemology, Karl Marx and Frederich Engels gave new meaning to the term across the course...

Race and Racism

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Race and racism are contested concepts within and outside of academic contexts. The meaning and social significance of these terms have shifted in response to social, political, and cultural changes, meaning that genealogies of racial...

Douglas, Mary (1921–2007)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...British anthropologist and social theorist, Douglas was a well-known and prolific writer on a broad range of issues including religion (1993), risk (Douglas, 2002), danger (1983), pollution (2003 [1966]), institutions (1986...

Fry, Tony

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Tony Fry’s body of work, as expressed in various projects and a still growing collection of writing, represents a commitment to elevating the significance of design to the status of a fundamental condition of human being, coupled...

Cultural Capital

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Pierre Bourdieu developed the concept of cultural capital in the early 1960s during studies he conducted with colleagues on the ways in which social inequality is reproduced through the institution of schooling (Bourdieu and Passeron, 1977...