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Latour, Bruno (1947–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Bruno Latour (1947–) is a French sociologist and anthropologist with a particular interest in science and technology. Latour (1993) has made important contributions to Actor-Network Theory (ANT) and Science and Technology Studies (STS...

Commodity Fetishism

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Commodity fetishism is an adaptation of the concept of fetishism to describe capitalist societies’ relationship with commodities (exchangeable objects).From the eighteenth century onwards, Western societies began to refer to the objects...

Synagogue Design

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Synagogues are meetings places for followers of the Jewish faith who honor one God through following the instructions in the Torah (their holy book). Today there are variations between Orthodox Jews (who literally interpret sacred texts...

Miller, Daniel (1954–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Daniel Miller (1954–) is an anthropologist interested in what material objects reveal about society. Miller’s research pays attention to the social meanings of objects, analyzing their role in social relationships and what they reveal about...

School Design

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Although buildings and outdoor spaces have been used for the education of children throughout history, before the nineteenth century there was little consistency to these buildings’ design. During the Middle Ages schoolrooms were commonly...

Bentham, Jeremy (1748–1832)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Jeremy Bentham (February 15, 1748–June 6, 1832) was an English philosopher, economist, and reformer most prominently associated with the ideas of utilitarianism and nineteenth-century prison reform. After training as a lawyer Bentham became...

Assemblage

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...An assemblage is a group of material things, animals, and/or people that might not be closely related but are held together in a loose amalgamation. The term is variably used to refer to collage-like art works which combine various objects...

Fetishism

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Fetishism describes forms of human behavior where man-made objects (referred to as fetish items) are believed to have power over humans or become vessels for human desires.In his history of fetishism, the anthropologist William Pietz (1985,...

Ecclesiastical Product Design

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

... Llewelly, 194–203. London: V&A Publishing. Ruth Mason. 2011. “Free from Censure: A Communion Token from the Scots Church London Wall.” The Journal of Antique Metalware Society 19 (June): 50–59. Victoria and Albert Museum. 2017a. “Chalice.”...

Actor-Network Theory

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Strictly speaking Actor-Network Theory (commonly referred to as ANT) is not a “theory” but an attitude towards or strategy for approaching events, processes and institutions, which is sensitive to the multiplicity of factors that influence...