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Biomimicry

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Biomimicry refers to a combination of biology and design research. It is a sustainable approach to innovation in which development of new products and systems is integrated with growth. The four-step process includes abstracting the core...

Meggs, Philip B. (1942–2002)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

1

...An American graphic designer, historian, writer, and educator, born in South Carolina, Meggs’ interest in typography began in his teens, and following college he worked as senior designer at Reynolds Metals, then as art director for A.H...

IDEA: International Graphic Arts, Japan (1953–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

1

...Bilingual Japanese-English graphic design journal, published in Tokyo, Japan, by Seibundo Shinkosha since 1953, IDEA disseminates information about international designers, projects, issues, and trends within Japan and publicizes Japanese...

Burchartz, Max (1887–1961)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

1

...German graphic designer, painter, photographer, educator, and writer, known for his photomontages, Burchartz was an Expressionist painter who became a significant figure in the International Constructivist Movement. In 1922 Theo van...

Keller, Ernst (1891–1968)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

1

...Widely considered the father of Swiss graphic design, Keller was educated as a lithographer and draughtsman. From 1918 until his retirement, he worked as a lecturer at the Zürich Kunstgewerbeschule teaching advertising layout, graphic...

Tokyo Koto Kogei Gakko (Tokyo Institute of Technology) (1899–1914 and 1921–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

1

...Tokyo Koto Kogyo Gakko (Tokyo Higher School of Technology), now Tokyo Koto Kogei Gakko (Tokyo Institute of Technology), was founded in 1899 as a national higher industrial school, responsible directly to the Ministry of Education. Like its...

Kyoto Koto Kogei Gakko (Kyoto Institute of Technology) (1902–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

1

...Kyoto Koto Kogei Gakko (Kyoto Institute of Technology), formerly The Kyoto Polytechnic, was a higher technical school established in Kyoto, Japan, in 1902 as part of the Japanese government’s drive to modernize manufacturing, increase...

Zapf, Hermann (1918–2015)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

1

...German-type designer, typographer, book designer, and calligrapher whose designs include the well-known typefaces Palatino and Optima, Zapf’s career spans enormous technological changes in type design, from hot metal composition...

Glaser, Milton (1929–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

1

...Glaser is an American graphic designer, born in New York and creator of the iconic I [heart] NY logo and Bob Dylan poster. Following his education at the Cooper Union art school, he received a Fulbright scholarship and studied in Italy...

Japan Industrial Design Promotion Organization (JIDPO) (1969–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

1

...Founded in 1969 as the Japan Industrial Design Promotion Organization (JIDPO) to promote Japanese products in export markets, today the Japan Institute of Design Promotion (JDP) raises public awareness of design’s social, cultural...