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Richard Riemerschmid

Riemerschmid was an influential German furniture designer and architect. He studied fine art at the Munich Art Academy from 1888 until 1890 before working as a freelance painter. He wrote for the periodical Jugend and in 1898 was a cofounder of the Vereinigte Werkstätten für Kunst im Handwerk (United Workshops for Art in Handwork) in Munich, also designing furniture for them. By then, Riemerschmid was also designing his first interiors, including the music salon for the 1899 art exhibition in Dresden. The Room for an Art Lover for the Paris 1900 Exhibition was both simple and striking. His furniture designs assisted his development from his Jugendstil roots to Modernism, as he moved toward a more stripped and functional approach that suggested machine production. In 1905 he designed sets of furniture intended for factory/machine production where the component parts were produced by machine and then the objects were assembled by hand. In 1902 Riemerschmid was one of the founders of the Garden City Association and from 1907 until 1913 he was head architect of the first German garden city, in Dresden-Hellerau. He was also involved in building a garden city in Nuremberg 1909. In 1907 Riemerschmid joined Peter Behrens, Peter Bruckmann, Josef Maria Olbrich, Fritz Schumacher, and Hermann Muthesius in founding the Deutscher Werkbund. In 1912 he was appointed director of the Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich, a post he held until 1924. From 1926 until 1931 he was director of the Cologne Werkschulen.

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design, Volume 3 Read the full article