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Von Restorff Effect

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...The effect named after Hedwig von Restorff (1906–62) that describes the observation that the unique is easier to recall than the commonplace: that unusual words, images, or events are remembered better than everyday ones. This is one reason...

Fetishism

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Fetishism describes forms of human behavior where man-made objects (referred to as fetish items) are believed to have power over humans or become vessels for human desires.In his history of fetishism, the anthropologist William Pietz (1985,...

Outsider Art

Mark Wigan

Mark Wigan was subject leader for illustration at Camberwell College, UK, and later for Graphic Design at the University of Salford, UK. He is currently a lecturer in illustration at Hull College, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Visual Dictionary of Illustration

AVA Book, 2009

Book Chapter

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Prospect Refuge Theory

Clive Edwards

Clive Edwards is Professor in Design History at Loughborough University, UK. His authored works include: Interior Design: A Critical Introduction (Bloomsbury 2010), Encyclopedia of Furnishing Textiles, Floorcoverings and Home Furnishing Practices 1200-1950 (2007); Turning Houses into Homes (2005), Encyclopaedia of Furniture Materials Trades and Techniques (2000), Twentieth Century Furniture, its materials, manufacture and markets (1994), and Victorian Furniture, Technology and Design (1993). He has also contributed a number of articles to the Encyclopedia of Interior Design (1997), and has published a number of scholarly articles and essays in edited works. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...The concept of refuge is embedded in our evolutionary mind-sets. Places of refuge are as important as places of prospect and often work together usually at an interface. The refuge concept provides opportunities for prospect viewing as well...

Synesthesia

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...The word synesthesia (also known as synesthesis) literally means co-sensing or sensing together and originates from the combination of the Greek words syn (together) and aesthesis (feel, sense). The concept is strongly related...

Four-Pleasure Framework

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Four-Pleasure framework is a conceptual structure attributed to anthropologist Lionel Tiger defining four categories of pleasure. “Physio-pleasures” pertain to sensory pleasures, including those connected with touch, smell, and taste...

Operant Conditioning

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...A behaviorist theory of learning proposed by psychologist B. F. Skinner (1904–90), Operant Conditioning is a method for modifying behavior by associating specific actions with specific positive or negative consequences. Modified behavior...

User Experience Design

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Compared to many other disciplines, User Experience Design, or “UX” design, is relatively new. The term “user experience” was first used by Donald Norman (2013) and emerged from recognition of the importance of user-centered design...

Psychology

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Psychology derives from the Greek words Ψυχή (Psychê, the soul) and Λόγος (the talk of, but also the logical thought of, in ancient Greek). Despite the fact that Christian Wolff made the term accessible to the general public...

Cognition, Theories of

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

...Cognition is the mental ability of humans to obtain and analyze information. The most prominent theories in relation to cognition have attributed this capacity to innate human aptitude (Nativism), a posteriori knowledge (Empiricism...