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Jeckyll, Thomas (1827–81)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Thomas Jeckyll’s reputation as an architect and designer has been eclipsed by the saga of the so-called “Peacock Room” (1876) designed for the Liverpool shipping magnate Frederick Leyland. A pioneer of Japonaiserie, Jeckyll created...

Shaw, Richard Norman (1831–1912)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

4

... Stevenson, and Eden Nesfield, the so-called “Queen Anne Revival” which many see as a precursor to the Arts and Crafts. The picturesque Queen Anne style drew on English Renaissance, baroque, neoclassical, and Regency forms and motifs. In the city...

Grüber, Jacques (1870–1936)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...A man of many talents, Jacques Grüber (1870–1936) is best known for his stained glass windows; in effect the French “Tiffany.” Like his American counterpart, Grüber’s glass was experimental featuring acid-etching, plating (superimposed...

Aitchison, George (1825–1910)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...During his lifetime Aitchison’s reputation rested on the magnificent studio-house in Holland Park that he designed for Lord Frederic Leighton (c. 1866–95) and on his reputation as a lecturer, writer, and stalwart of the Royal Academy...

Cottier, Daniel (1838–91)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Cottier has been hailed as the “harbinger of aestheticism” taking the ethos and style to America and Australia. Born in Anderston, Glasgow, Cottier began his career working for David Kier (1802–64), master glazier to Glasgow Cathedral...

Eckmann, Otto (1865–1902)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Like so many of his generation, Eckmann gave up a career as a painter to concentrate on the applied arts. He initially studied at the Hamburg Kunstgewerbeschule, which gave him grounding in the arts and crafts, before finishing his...

Bevan, Charles (active 1865–83)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Charles Bevan is best known for his art furniture. His first foray into designing furniture, a davenport desk published in the Building News (1865), reveals he already had a good grasp of the architectural forms of the Gothic Revival...

Obrist, Hermann (1862–1927)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...A leading figure in the Munich Secessions, Hermann Obrist (1862–1927) exerted a seminal influence on the rise and development of Jugendstil in Germany. Although the Brussels architect Victor Horta is credited with inventing the whiplash...

Macdonald, Frances (1873–1921)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Frances Macdonald’s achievements have only recently come to light partly due to the loss of so much of her work, destroyed by her husband Herbert MacNair following her premature death, and partly because she left Glasgow in 1899...

Design Reform

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The Great Exhibition of 1851, at which the public was offered an abundance of tasteless objects, is said to have initiated design reform. With ornament taking precedence over function, many household commodities no longer seemed “fit...