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Comfort

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Originally, comfort referred only to relations between people, but within modernity it extended to material things and is now associated with a condition of physical ease. Many scientific studies have sought to define absolute parameters...

Autopoiesis

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Autopoiesis is the capacity of certain systems to make and remake their component parts. It is a way of defining living systems and so one way of approaching sustainable design. There are a number of ways of thinking about systems entailed...

Instrumentalism

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Instrumentalism occurs when people or things are treated as mere instruments, that is, as subservient and substitutable means to overriding ends. Instrumentalism implies an overreaching commitment to efficiency and rationality. Modernist...

Care

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Care describes that aspect of the human condition that makes us spend time and resources on people and situations beyond our mere survival. Care is an essential aspect of design, motivating why we design things, things that take care...

Postindustrialism and Design

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The developments of economies, technologies, and cultures, especially in workplaces, that decouple themselves from systems of industrial manufacturing.A simplistic macroeconomic history suggests that societies are motivated to find ways...

Agency, Theories of

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The essence of design as intentional change-making is agency. Agency derives from a combination of capacity, permission, and will. These derive from a combination of the individuals acting and the situation in which they are trying to act...

Authenticity

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Authenticity refers to strong, responsible intent, in both humans and designs. Authenticity in design is evident in modernist functionalism. However, design has also been accused of being the source of inauthentic relations to things...

Design Futures

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Though all designing is future oriented, design futures has come to mean a series of approaches to designing that self-consciously negotiate how we imagine, understand, and evaluate a range of possible futures for and by design.Design...

Technology (STS, SCOT, Techne, Technics)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Although technology normally refers to machines, especially digital ones, the term more precisely refers to the ways of being and thinking that result in those machines. Those ways of thinking have been viewed as dominating and dangerous...

Nature and Naturalism

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Nature and naturalism are the systems of everything around us that were not designed by humans.The concept of nature functions primarily as a contrast with “the artificial,” the realm of things that have been conceived and materialized...