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Improvization

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Improvizations are creative acts within existing structures. They provide an insightful way of understanding the creative elements in a design process as performed by a reflective practitioner. Improvizing involves acts that lie between...

Deconstruction, Deconstructivism

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Deconstruction is a mode of analysis that pays attention to the ways in which the materialization of a discourse tends to undermine what that discourse intends. This is a part of Derrida’s antihumanist philosophy. The attention...

Post-humanism

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Post-humanism expands the senses of what it means to be human, that try not to have clear demarcations between humans and animals and technologies.Humanism assumes that humanity is distinct from other species and that distinctness gives...

Persona

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...A persona is a fictional character based on synthesized social research. Teams make design decisions by consulting material that makes that persona vivid, perhaps embodying that persona in order to imagine their reaction to different design...

Agency, Theories of

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The essence of design as intentional change-making is agency. Agency derives from a combination of capacity, permission, and will. These derive from a combination of the individuals acting and the situation in which they are trying to act....

Autopoiesis

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Autopoiesis is the capacity of certain systems to make and remake their component parts. It is a way of defining living systems and so one way of approaching sustainable design. There are a number of ways of thinking about systems entailed...

Comfort

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Originally, comfort referred only to relations between people, but within modernity it extended to material things and is now associated with a condition of physical ease. Many scientific studies have sought to define absolute parameters...

Dematerialization

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Dematerialization refers to creating value in ways that use less material resources. Some ecological modernization arguments suggest that capitalist economies inherently dematerialize over time as they become more efficient and then switch...

Instrumentalism

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Instrumentalism occurs when people or things are treated as mere instruments, that is, as subservient and substitutable means to overriding ends. Instrumentalism implies an overreaching commitment to efficiency and rationality. Modernist...

Taste

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Taste refers to the kinds of things that someone appreciates for their aesthetic qualities.Where aesthetic judgments of beauty imply universality—“everybody should find this beautiful”—evaluations of taste seem to insist on their subjective...