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Colonial Williamsburg (1926–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Colonial Williamsburg is a living museum of eighteenth-century American life. Starting in 1926 during a period of American Revivalist interests, the collaborative efforts of Dr. W. A. R. Goodwin and John D. Rockefeller preserved...

American Society of Interior Designers (ASID) (1931–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The American Society of Interior Designers (ASID) has its roots in the American Institute of Decorators (AID), founded in 1931. While its roots are based in the rise of interior decoration as a profession, it was in 1975 that ASID came...

Interiors (1940–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Interiors, published in the United States, was one of the first trade journals with an interest in the professionalization of the interior design industry. Originating as Upholsterer and Interior Decorator, from 1888 to 1935...

Rhode Island School of Design (RISD) (1877–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Following the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition of 1876 in Philadelphia, the Rhode Island Women’s Centennial Commission (thirty-four women) took the remaining $1,675 from their exhibition budget to start a school for art and craft...

Pratt Institute, New York (1887–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, New York, was founded in 1887 by wealthy oil industrialist Charles Pratt to assist artists and the working classes in making a living through art. It consists of a School of Architecture, Art and Design...

Parsons School of Design (1896–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Founded in 1896 as a reaction to the more conservative Art Student’s League, Parsons School of Design was founded by William Merritt-Chase and named the Chase School, located at Sutton Place. Alvah Parsons joined the faculty in 1904 and six...

Cooper–Hewitt National Design Museum, New York (1897–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The Cooper–Hewitt National Design Museum was originally founded in 1897 and located in the Andrew Carnegie Mansion on “Museum Mile” in New York City at 91st Street and Fifth Avenue, the first structural steel private residence ever built....

Black Mountain College, North Carolina (1933–58)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...As a progressive educational institute, Black Mountain College near Asheville, North Carolina, was led by an impressive roster of faculty, as well as fostering innovative students. This led it to be considered one of the most influential...

Institute of Design (Chicago) (1939–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...In 1937 former faculty of the German Bauhaus, Lázló Moholy-Nagy, György Kepes, and Mies van der Rohe, founded the New Bauhaus School, at the invitation of Chicago’s Association of Art and Industry. This was a precedent for the Institute...

Industrial Designers Society of America (IDSA) (1965–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...IDSA was created by a number of earlier organizations, which evolved according to professional and industrial interests. Following Macy’s exhibition of modern design, most notably including pieces from the 1925 Paris Exhibition, a number...