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Heywood Wakefield

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

3

...Heywood Wakefield was a furniture manufacturer founded in 1897 through the merger of Heywood Brothers, at the time the largest chair manufacturer in the United States, with Wakefield Rattan. The firm, located in Gardner, Massachusetts...

Prairie School

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

3

...The Prairie School architectural movement took hold in the Mid-Western United States from about 1900 until the First World War. There was no single cohesive name for the style during the period of its popularity in the early twentieth...

Gorham

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

3

...Gorham is an American silver manufacturer based in Providence, Rhode Island, founded in 1831 by silversmith Jabez Gorham (1792–1869). Originally known as “The Firm,” the company operated as Gorham, Webster & Price (1837), J. Gorham & Son...

Tupperware

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

3

...Chemist and inventor Earl Silas Tupper (1907–83) developed the Tupperware line of polyethylene food storage containers with self-sealing airtight lids in the 1940s and patented Tupperware as a concept in 1947. Items produced...

Minton

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

3

...Minton was a British ceramics firm established in 1793 by Thomas Minton in Stoke-on-Trent, England. In 1836 Herbert Minton became art director of his father’s firm, hiring design reformers Henry Cole, A. W. N. Pugin, and Richard Redgrave...

Mission Style

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

3

...The Mission Style arose in the 1890s in association with the American Arts and Crafts Movement. The style broke from the Victorian fashion for excessive decoration and historicism, with simplified forms incorporating horizontal and vertical...

Libbey Glass

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

3

...Libbey is a glass manufacturer originally established in 1818 as the New England Glass Company in East Cambridge, Massachusetts. William L. Libbey took over the glassworks in 1878 and renamed it. In 1880, Edward D. Libbey became partner...

Newcomb Pottery

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

3

...Newcomb pottery was established in New Orleans, Louisiana, when Ellsworth Woodward (1861–1939), head of Tulane University’s art program, established a pottery on campus in 1894, named for the benefactor of the women’s college. The pottery...

Laughlin, Homer (China Company)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

3

...In 1871, brothers Homer and Shakespeare Laughlin of East Liverpool, Ohio, formed a partnership to sell pottery manufactured in their hometown. The business was named Homer Laughlin China Works when Shakespeare left the company in 1877...

American Union of Decorative Artists and Craftsmen (AUDAC) (1928–c. 1931)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Chapter

3

...In 1928, the American Union of Decorative Artists and Craftsmen (AUDAC) was formed in New York City as a group of designers interested in promoting modern design. The group was headed by Austria-born designer Paul Frankl (1886–1958...