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Heywood Wakefield

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

...Heywood Wakefield was a furniture manufacturer founded in 1897 through the merger of Heywood Brothers, at the time the largest chair manufacturer in the United States, with Wakefield Rattan. The firm, located in Gardner, Massachusetts...

Prairie School

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

...The Prairie School architectural movement took hold in the Mid-Western United States from about 1900 until the First World War. There was no single cohesive name for the style during the period of its popularity in the early twentieth...

Byrdcliffe Art Colony (1902–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

...Byrdcliffe is an artist colony located in the Catskill Mountains just outside the town of Woodstock, New York. Founded in 1902 by a wealthy Englishman Ralph Radcliffe Whitehead (1854–1929), who had studied at Balliol College, Oxford...

Rational Dress Movement

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

...The movement named for the Rational Dress Society emerged in 1881 in London in response to the period’s prevailing fashion for restrictive garments. The Society was one of a series of dress reform movements that arose during the nineteenth...

Union Porcelain

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

...In 1861, businessman Thomas Carll Smith (1815–1901) purchased the pottery works of William Boch and Brothers in Greenpoint, New York. Under Smith’s ownership, the pottery initially continued to produce many of the same soft-paste porcelain...

Shakers

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

...Members of the English religious society known as Shakers (Shaking Quakers) sought refuge in the United States in the late eighteenth century, establishing their first community in New Lebanon, New York, in 1787. The Shakers’ woodworking...

Gorham

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

...Gorham is an American silver manufacturer based in Providence, Rhode Island, founded in 1831 by silversmith Jabez Gorham (1792–1869). Originally known as “The Firm,” the company operated as Gorham, Webster & Price (1837), J. Gorham & Son...

Minton

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

...Minton was a British ceramics firm established in 1793 by Thomas Minton in Stoke-on-Trent, England. In 1836 Herbert Minton became art director of his father’s firm, hiring design reformers Henry Cole, A. W. N. Pugin, and Richard Redgrave...

Mission Style

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

...The Mission Style arose in the 1890s in association with the American Arts and Crafts Movement. The style broke from the Victorian fashion for excessive decoration and historicism, with simplified forms incorporating horizontal and vertical...

Tupperware

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

...Chemist and inventor Earl Silas Tupper (1907–83) developed the Tupperware line of polyethylene food storage containers with self-sealing airtight lids in the 1940s and patented Tupperware as a concept in 1947. Items produced...