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Von Restorff Effect

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

...The effect named after Hedwig von Restorff (1906–62) that describes the observation that the unique is easier to recall than the commonplace: that unusual words, images, or events are remembered better than everyday ones. This is one reason...

Nonintentional Design

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

4

...Coined by Uta Brandes (1949–) and Michael Erlhoff (1946–), nonintentional design (NID) describes the use of designed objects for purposes other than those for which they were originally intended. This would include the use of a chair...

Expectation Effect

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

...The Expectation Effect describes the fact that expectations subconsciously shape observations, opinions, memories, and performance. The term is often linked back to a series of quantitative and qualitative performance studies conducted...

Operant Conditioning

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

...A behaviorist theory of learning proposed by psychologist B. F. Skinner (1904–90), Operant Conditioning is a method for modifying behavior by associating specific actions with specific positive or negative consequences. Modified behavior...

Hazard Analysis

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

...Hazard analysis is the process of recognizing and analyzing potential risks in order to mitigate them before they manifest in combination with other factors, resulting in accidents or incidents. It reduces risk in complex systems like...

Health and Safety Design

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

...Health and safety design is the deliberate formulation of tools, environments, social relations, and signage in order to mitigate hazards and improve well-being. The intended effect can be firsthand (airplane seatbelt reminders), secondhand...

Animation

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

...Animation is the creation of the illusion of life in otherwise inert objects or constructions. The term is also used to describe serial images, created in any medium, which capture and reflect this illusion.The science of animation started...

Safety Design

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

...Safety design is the philosophy and practice of modifying a standard design process to include a formal consideration of the human factors involved in safe use of the product. Thus, the skills of the designer are put to greater use than...

Ethnographic Methods

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

...Ethnographic Methods is a largely misunderstood and misused term describing the research methods traditionally used to gather information in the study of cultural values and beliefs as reflected in day-to-day life. Let us look briefly...