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Missoni (Ottavio “Tai” Missoni [1921–2013] and Rosita Missoni [1932–])

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The husband and wife team of Ottavio and Rosita Missoni founded their knitwear company in the early 1950s, in the northern Italian village where Rosita was born. Ottavio and Rosita met at the 1948 London Olympic Games. Competing in the 400...

Foale and Tuffin (Marion Foale 1939–; Sally Tuffin 1939–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Marion Foale and Sally Tuffin were both students of fashion lecturer Janey Ironside at the Royal College of Art. Her students, who included Ossie Clark and Sylvia Ayrton (who worked briefly with Zandra Rhodes), were to be the architects...

Viktor and Rolf (Viktor Horsting [1969–]; Rolf Snoeren [1969–])

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Viktor and Rolf are Dutch fashion designers. The duo, who met while studying at the Arnhem Academy of Art and Design, design clothes that playfully question the very nature of fashion and Parisian couture. Relocating to Paris in 1993...

Chanel, Gabrielle Bonheur (Coco) (1883–1971)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The House of Chanel is one of the most famous and successful Paris couture houses of all time. There are several reasons why: its founder Coco Chanel pioneered such fashion staples as the little black dress, the jersey cardigan suit...

Rabanne, Paco (Francisco Rabenda Cuervo) (1934–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Spanish designer, based in Paris, Rabanne was a couturier famous in the 1960s. His chain link metal and plastic dresses captured the futuristic, space age look pioneered by Courrèges. A child refugee from the Spanish Civil War, he trained...

Schiaparelli, Elsa (1890–1973)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Italian-born couturier Schiaparelli was active in Paris in the 1920s and 1930s, when she was the main rival to Coco Chanel. Her unconventional designs, and her friendship with artists like Dali and Duchamp, caused Chanel to refer to her...

Dolce & Gabbana (Domenico Dolce 1958–; Stefano Gabbana 1962–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Italian fashion designers. The clothes by this Italian duo could be described as Rock Star meets Sicilian Widow (as Dolce is Sicilian). Unmistakably Italian, made for curvaceous Loren-like figures, their work has touches of high baroque...

Hilfiger, Tommy (1951–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Hilfiger is an American fashion designer, one of a group including Calvin Klein and Ralph Lauren who shifted from producing clothing, in Hilfiger’s case, to running a lifestyle brand. Hilfiger’s menswear is not necessarily very distinctive,...

Margiela, Martin (1957–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...First of the Belgian avant-garde fashion designers, Margiela was born in Leuven, Belgium, where he trained at Antwerp’s Royal Academy of Fine Arts, graduating in 1979, a year before the Antwerp Six. In Paris, he worked for Jean Paul...

Sui, Anna (1964–)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Sui is an American fashion designer, of Chinese descent. Although Anna Sui was born and educated in the United States, her designs reference both east and west, with an eclectic mix of ideas fueled by visits to flea markets in Paris...