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Boulton & Watt

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Boulton & Watt was a manufacturer of steam engines, founded in 1775 by engineers Matthew Boulton (1728–1809) and James Watt (1736–1819). The partnership combined the existing manufacturing capability of Boulton’s Soho Foundry, Smethwick...

PEL (Practical Equipment Ltd.)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Practical Equipment Limited (PEL) was founded in Birmingham in 1931 by steel manufacturers Tube Investments as a response to European manufacturers who were specializing in the production of metal furniture. The company’s highly functional...

Doulton (Royal Doulton)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Royal Doulton was founded in London, in 1815 by John Doulton (1793–1873) and two business partners as Jones, Watts, and Doulton, specializing in the manufacture of stoneware bottles. In 1854 John Doulton became sole owner of the company...

Aston Martin

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Aston Martin was a luxury car manufacturer, founded by Robert Bamford (1883–1942) and Lionel Martin (1878–1945) in 1913 with the first officially branded car released in 1914. Initially, the aim of the manufacturer was to produce custom...

Austin

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Austin was a British car manufacturer founded by Herbert Austin (1866–1941) in 1905, in Longbridge, England. Producing some of the first cars in Britain, the company’s earliest vehicles were considered luxury items, reflected...

Jaguar Cars

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Jaguar is an automobile manufacturer founded by Sir William Lyons (1901–85) in 1922. The company was originally known as the Swallow Sidecar Company, changing its name to Jaguar following the end of the Second World War. Initially...

Coalbrookdale

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Coalbrookdale is a village in Shropshire, England, that played host to significant developments in the process of smelting iron during the first part of the eighteenth century. The village was initially associated with Abraham Darby...

Meccano

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 2

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Meccano is a system of colored metal plates and bolts invented to encourage children to build their own mechanical toy structures. First conceived by British toy inventor Frank Hornby (1863–1936) in 1898, then marketed under the name “The...

Orientalism

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

3

...Orientalism refers to the Western perception of primarily Middle Eastern and Asian cultures as the Other and to the representation of those cultures in art, design, and other cultural forms. The Western exoticization of “the Orient...

Worcester Porcelain

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Worcester is a manufacturer of luxury porcelain tableware, founded in 1751 by Dr. John Wall (1708–76) who developed improved techniques for the manufacture of durable soft-paste porcelain wares using steatite, and capitalizing upon...