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Austin

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Austin was a British car manufacturer founded by Herbert Austin (1866–1941) in 1905, in Longbridge, England. Producing some of the first cars in Britain, the company’s earliest vehicles were considered luxury items, reflected...

Peach, Harry (1874–1936)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...British design reformer Peach was born in Toronto, Canada, to British parents, who moved back to Leicester, England, when he was three years old. Although his early career was focused on his own bookshop, it was his dealing of early...

PEL (Practical Equipment Ltd.)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Practical Equipment Limited (PEL) was founded in Birmingham in 1931 by steel manufacturers Tube Investments as a response to European manufacturers who were specializing in the production of metal furniture. The company’s highly functional...

Doulton (Royal Doulton)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Royal Doulton was founded in London, in 1815 by John Doulton (1793–1873) and two business partners as Jones, Watts, and Doulton, specializing in the manufacture of stoneware bottles. In 1854 John Doulton became sole owner of the company...

Coalbrookdale

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Coalbrookdale is a village in Shropshire, England, that played host to significant developments in the process of smelting iron during the first part of the eighteenth century. The village was initially associated with Abraham Darby...

Chermayeff, Serge (1900–96)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Architect, interior and furniture designer who was born in Russia, Chermayeff was schooled, naturalized, and worked in Britain, before immigrating to America in 1940. He was a key exponent of the Modernist style...

Staffordshire

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 3

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Staffordshire is an English county that played an essential role in the development of the industrial revolution in Britain. The county’s main focus was the manufacture of ceramic items including earthenware and stoneware. It has been noted...

Boulton & Watt

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Boulton & Watt was a manufacturer of steam engines, founded in 1775 by engineers Matthew Boulton (1728–1809) and James Watt (1736–1819). The partnership combined the existing manufacturing capability of Boulton’s Soho Foundry, Smethwick...

Aston Martin

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Aston Martin was a luxury car manufacturer, founded by Robert Bamford (1883–1942) and Lionel Martin (1878–1945) in 1913 with the first officially branded car released in 1914. Initially, the aim of the manufacturer was to produce custom...

Carwardine, George (1887–1947)

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Design Volume 1

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Carwardine was a British designer, known for the iconic design of the Anglepoise Lamp, first manufactured and released as the Anglepoise 1209 under license in 1934 by Herbert Terry Ltd and intended for industrial use. The year 1935...